Chomsky believed there are considerable similarities between languages’ deep structures, and that these structures reveal properties, common to all languages that surface structures conceal.
Consider the deep structure of a Photograph –
the Codes & Conventions
the Linguistics of Photography …….
between foreground & background ……..
an Implied Space.
The Deep Structure
( where the seeds of knowledge are found )
(of a sentence)
Innate linguistic knowledge
grows on a Tree
Mapped on to the surface structure
like swelling bark
(which followed the phonological form
of the sentence very closely)
Mary had a little lamb,
His fleece was white as snow,
And everywhere that Mary went,
The lamb was sure to go.
He followed her to school one day,
They put it online, as is the rule –
It went viral – lots of laughs and re-play
To see that lamb at school.
Images & sentences
mapped on the surface structure
bend with the context.
A knotty concept
grows inward –
language a dense forest –
The tree branches out
stretching to the sky framed
by space, rooted change.
The further you go into the woods,
the further you come out.
Chomsky developed a formal theory of grammar where transformations manipulated not just the surface strings, but the parse tree associated to them, making transformational grammar a system of tree automaton .
Source : Transformational Grammar